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Concurrent Programming

The concurrent execution of multiple tasks is known as concurrent programming. It is implemented by the means of processes or threads spawned by a single program. Communication between the concurrent components of a program occurs either by means of shared memory or through message passing mechanism. Java, Ada and Erlang are some of the well-known concurrent programming languages. Concurrency is achieved in Java by means of shared memory and concurrency-based monitors. Here is a list of the other concurrent programming languages.


It is actually a family of Actor-Based Concurrent Languages, which was developed in Japan during the 1980s and the 1990s. ABCL/1, ABCL/R, ABCL/R2 are some of the members of the ABCL family.


It is a multi-threaded functional programming language. Its interpreter is written in C++. Its runtime engine supports both 32 and 64 bit platforms.


Created at the MIT Laboratory in 1994, Cilk supports multithreaded parallel programming.

Concurrent Pascal

Per Brinch Hansen, a Danish-American computer scientist created Concurrent Pascal for writing operating systems and programming real-time systems.


It is an object-oriented programming language that supports distributed programming. Mark Miller, Dan Bornstein and associates at the Electric Communities developed E in 1997. Its syntax resembles that of Java.


Joule is a concurrent dataflow programming language that preceded the E programming language. It is used for distributed applications.


Developed at the Bell Labs, Limbo is used for programming distributed systems. Its striking feature is its compiler's ability to generate architecture-independent object code. Limbo is used for applications running on Inferno operating system. Alex that was initially a part of the Plan 9 operating system is the predecessor of Limbo.


It is a statically typed programming language, which is in the experimental stage today.


Short for Simple Actor Language System and Architecture, SALSA supports concurrent programming, message passing and distributed computing. It uses Java code for portability.


Acronym of Synchronizing Resources, SR is a concurrent programming language.